Visiting Xi An, the guide

Visiting Xi An, the guide

At the heart of China, the capital of Shaanxi Province, Xi An, or city of eternal peace, is a gateway to ancient Chinese civilization window. Over several millennia, no less than thirteen dynasties built their capital, including the Han, Qin and Tang, the three most powerful and prosperous Chinese history.

Dynasties have always marked their passage. Xi An and contains relics and historic sites that make it a must-see destination for any trip to China. The period from May to November is the best time to visit the city.

Visiting Xi AnXi An has a square traditional Chinese architecture. Ramparts, well preserved, contain particular Great Wild Goose Pagoda, often seen as the symbol of the city, and the towers of the Drum and Bell Tower. Two monuments to the ancient tradition of ringing the bell at dawn and the drum roll at night.

Cradle of Chinese civilization, Xi An is also the point of departure or arrival of the Silk Road. The city also has a large Muslim community, descendants of Arab and Persian merchants who came by this road, settled in the country. The Muslim Quarter is a place to share in Xi An For over 1,250 years, this community supports its schools, shops, restaurants and mosques. Chinese style, The Great Mosque of Xi An is also one of the largest and best preserved in the country.

With the development of the textile industries of the plain that surrounds the Weihe, Xi An is now an industrial, academic and scientific center of the first importance. With approximately 4.3 million inhabitants, it is also a young city which combines tradition and modernity.

Transport and travel to Xi An

Airport Xi An, Xianyang, is about 45 kilometers from the historic center of the city. Taxis or minibuses provide transfer to the heart of Xi An on-site, the city is well connected by bus and metro. The taxi is a convenient means of transportation to get from downtown to the pagodas.

source:

www.chinaxiantour.com

www.travelchinaguide.com

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Travel in Xi’an

Loess is an easy prey for the erosion that contributes to shaping these trays scenery. The area is known for its many cave houses dug into the clay friable loess. Today, there are still millions of people who live in these underground houses.

u=1415679029,125535012&fm=23&gp=0This region of six million people remained rough, inhabited for many farmers. This is what happens in the history of famous film director Zhang Yimou, who Ju, Chinese woman, with Gong Li in the lead role (Best Actress Award at the Venice Film Festival in 1992).

The city of Xi’an has approximately three million people, of which a large Muslim minority, the Hui (approximately
100 000).

u=2409147143,84561178&fm=23&gp=0The construction of a railroad in the 1930s, the city has given a boost, after centuries of lethargy, linking industrialized coastal provinces. It was not until 1949 that Xi’an is undergoing profound changes in industrializing.

Many textile mills were created using the cotton produced in large quantities in the province.

Other plants are dedicated to the manufacture of chemical fertilizers and agricultural machinery, there is even a large pharmaceutical plant in joint venture with Belgium. But it is tourism which is becoming the most important industry.

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Visit the Terracotta army in Xi’an

A must see! The museum of the “Big Dig” is a site open to the public since 1979. This is the website of Xi’an. In 1974, farmers digging a well made ​​the archaeological discovery of the century: a fabulous army of 8,000 clay warriors standing guard around the first emperor Qin Shi Huangdi.

Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi nea...

Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi near Xian (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Terracotta Army has been described as the eighth wonder of the world. All releases incredible realism that surprises the visitor, giving the impression of going back in time …

For the moment, there are three pits were identified: the first in 1974, second in 1980 and third in 1994. But they are only partially. Because when the pits were open company, the Chinese were amazed by the beauty of these statues all painted with different fineness. But after three days long fled the paintings did not survive contact with the air. The Chinese were very surprised when the disaster and stopped digging. This is why you can see many mounds are preserved sheeted or other soldiers including the first pit. It is estimated that it took thirty years of work, and more than 700,000 people to carry the clay army which was to accompany the emperor on his last journey to the kingdom of the dead. Chinese archaeologists believe that the three pits discoveries are part of an even larger, but the excavation of the entire site will take decades. (a model of the entire mausoleum used to assess the extent of the site).

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The walls of Xi’an

Xi’an was the capital of China for over a thousand years, but its influence does not stop with Tang. During the Ming Dynasty, the first emperor sends his son to govern Xi’an. He built a new city on the ruins of Chang’an, surrounds a wall guarded by 164 towers and closed by four monumental gates.

Xi'an

Xi’an (Photo credit: Grumbler %-|)

He also built the impressive towers of the Bell and Drum. Both have recently been restored.

Once in all Chinese cities, there was a bell tower and a drum tower. Xi’an those are probably the best preserved in all of China. Tower bell rang the opening of the gates in the morning, and the drum tower closing them in the evening. In addition to the high walls of enclosure (12 m and a width of 12 to 14 m), the town was also divided into neighborhoods walled with doors that were closed at night.
The walls of the city can be visited. They are remarkably well preserved and can have a nice overview of the city inside the enclosure. It is best to take a walk to the south gate to the east gate of the fortification.

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Montage of various Xi'an images

Montage of various Xi’an images (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Visit Xi’an terracotta army 2

Pit No. 2
The second pit smaller, approximately 1,000 statues. Still under excavation, it is perhaps even more striking, because we see the wooden roofs on more or less collapsed trenches and broken statues, lying in disorder ….

Terracotta Army Pit 1 - in Xi'an, China

Terracotta Army Pit 1 – in Xi’an, China (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

An archer, an NCO and a general (distinguished by their hair) are exposed so we can admire them up close. Unfortunately this pit has been extensively looted.
All trenches were protected by roof beams impregnated with a preservative. Clay statues were fired at 900 ° C. They are slightly larger than life (approximately 1, 96 m), likely to be even more impressive. The facial features are different from one statue to another, and we show that the real army of Qin Shi Huangdi was composed of different ethnic groups (Han Chinese, Mongols, Tatars, etc.).. How to tie their long hair updos different, indicates the status of everyone in the military hierarchy. Details and the diversity of faces, the folds of clothing, demonstrate the mastery of the artists, the technological knowledge of the time and the high-level Chinese art had already reached the third century BC.

Pit No. 3
It is the smallest of all the pits. It was discovered later, two years after the main body. There are about 60 soldiers and a carriage. This would be the command post.
Exposed parts that are likely part of a larger whole. It was common at the time an emperor was buried with his servants do and ministers often sacrificed. Pottery statues replace men. This army was built to accompany the first emperor Qin Shi Huangdi in the realm of the dead. Yet to open the tomb of the emperor.

First emperor of China Qin Shi Huang, from zh ...

First emperor of China Qin Shi Huang, from zh wikipedia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The tour ends with a film of a quarter hour tour with a panoramic camera. This film is a reenactment of the construction, destruction until the discovery of the terracotta army. The film is shown in English and is very well done

Warning: the store site offers crafts and copies of statues.
The prices are very abusive.

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Short visit of Xi’an terracota army 2

Pit No. 2
The second pit smaller, approximately 1,000 statues. Still under excavation, it is perhaps even more striking, because we see the wooden roofs on more or less collapsed trenches and broken statues, lying in disorder ….

Terracotta Army Pit 1 - in Xi'an, China

Terracotta Army Pit 1 – in Xi’an, China (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

An archer, an NCO and a general (distinguished by their hair) are exposed so we can admire them up close. Unfortunately this pit has been extensively looted.
All trenches were protected by roof beams impregnated with a preservative. Clay statues were fired at 900 ° C. They are slightly larger than life (approximately 1, 96 m), likely to be even more impressive. The facial features are different from one statue to another, and we show that the real army of Qin Shi Huangdi was composed of different ethnic groups (Han Chinese, Mongols, Tatars, etc.).. How to tie their long hair updos different, indicates the status of everyone in the military hierarchy. Details and the diversity of faces, the folds of clothing, demonstrate the mastery of the artists, the technological knowledge of the time and the high-level Chinese art had already reached the third century BC.

Pit No. 3
It is the smallest of all the pits. It was discovered later, two years after the main body. There are about 60 soldiers and a carriage. This would be the command post.
Exposed parts that are likely part of a larger whole. It was common at the time an emperor was buried with his servants do and ministers often sacrificed. Pottery statues replace men. This army was built to accompany the first emperor Qin Shi Huangdi in the realm of the dead. Yet to open the tomb of the emperor.

First emperor of China Qin Shi Huang, from zh ...

First emperor of China Qin Shi Huang, from zh wikipedia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The tour ends with a film of a quarter hour tour with a panoramic camera. This film is a reenactment of the construction, destruction until the discovery of the terracotta army. The film is shown in English and is very well done

Warning: the store site offers crafts and copies of statues.
The prices are very abusive.

https://tripsinchina.wordpress.com/